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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
ALMEIDA, Rosa Maria Martins de; PASA, Graciela Gema and SCHEFFER, Morgana. Alcohol: gender and implications in the violence. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2009, vol.22, n.2, pp. 252-260. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722009000200012.
The abuse of alcohol can engender serious public health problems in certain people, particularly due to its link to violence involving both men and women. This article has the aim to discuss the impact of alcohol in men and women regarding neurobiological mechanisms, emphasizing its psychoactive effects as well as its implication for violent behavior. An analysis was conduct based on reviews and articles in electronic databases, selected from 1996 to 2008 at Scielo, Lilacs, MEDLINE, Pub Med and Web of Science. From a total of 420 selected articles 90 were considered relevant for this analysis. It was evident that the abuse of alcohol causes changes in neurochemistry and in cognitive functions, and some of those changes lead to violent behavior in men and women. However, there are important differences between both genders and the type of aggressive behavior expressed. Studies on this topic are still rare and more research is necessary in order to develop better diagnostic tools and favor relevant neurobiological mechanisms for more effective treatments.
Keywords : Alcohol; Violence; Brain; Cognition; Behavior.