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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
Print version ISSN 0102-7972
BELLE, Andressa Henke; ANDREAZZA, Ana Cristina; RUSCHEL, Jan and BOSA, Cleonice Alves. Stress and psychosocial adaptation in mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2009, vol.22, n.3, pp. 317-325. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722009000300001.
The present study has investigated the parental stress in mothers of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (n=30), in mothers of children with co-morbidity with the Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) (n=30), and in mothers of children with typical development (n=30). In addition, possible correlations of parental stress with coping strategies, social support and ADHD severity have been investigated. The mothers have been evaluated using the following instruments: (a) Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ); (b) Parental Coping Inventory - Health Area - CHIP; (c) Questionnaire of Parental Stress for Parents of Children with Development Disorder; (d) MTA SNAP-IV Teachers and Parents Rating Scale. The results indicated that mothers of children with ADHD and ADHD + ODD presented more parental stress than mothers of children with typical development. In addition, social support, self-esteem coping and medical coping moderated the parental stress effect.
Keywords : Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Stress; Social support; Coping strategies; Family adaptation.