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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
Print version ISSN 0102-7972
PINTO, Rosana do Carmo Novaes and SANTANA, Ana Paula. Semiology of aphasias: a critical discussion. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2009, vol.22, n.3, pp. 413-421. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722009000300012.
The article discusses the semiology of aphasias, which started being developed in the 19th century by Broca and Wernicke. We do not provide an exhaustive list of symptoms and syndromes to address the theme, since we aim to critically discuss why the semiology of aphasias is still based mainly on organic perspectives in clinical practice and scientific research. We also discuss the contributions of Luria and Jakobson to a better understanding of how language is affected in aphasias and how Modern Linguistics, in special the Discursive Neurolinguistics, may enlighten the debate. We analyze some data to illustrate the theoretical and methodological assumptions of the above mentioned approaches and also discuss the excessive strength that classifications have in the clinical context.
Keywords : Aphasia; Semiology; Neurologuistics; Speech therapy; Clinic.