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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
Print version ISSN 0102-7972
GRZYBOWSKI, Luciana Suárez and WAGNER, Adriana. Parental involvement after separation/divorce. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.2, pp. 289-298. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722010000200011.
Based on the ecological-contextual model and on the concept of parental involvement, this article proposes to discuss the parental practices of separated/divorced fathers and mothers towards their children. In order to do so, 234 subjects (117 fathers/117 mothers) with children at school were interviewed via the Parental Practices Inventory. Such instrument evaluated the parental involvement in 5 areas: affective involvement, didactic involvement, social involvement, disciplinary involvement and, responsibility. The results showed greater maternal involvement with children after the divorce: direct (care, interaction) and indirect (monitoring, preoccupation). The cohabitation with the mother revealed itself as a significant variable associated to her greater involvement with activities in the private/domestic environment while fathers had greater involvement in the public/social space. Contextual characteristics (cohabitation, frequency of visits) and characteristics of the parents (occupation, education, affective and conjugal issues) showed to be strongly associated with the parental involvement after divorce.
Keywords : Parental practices; Parental involvement; Divorce; Fathers; Mothers.