Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
Print version ISSN 0102-7972
BORGES, António; MATOS, Margarida Gaspar de and DINIZ, José Alves. Adolescent process and positive health: affective and cognitive scope. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.2, pp. 281-291. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722011000200009.
Portuguese adolescents perceive themselves prevailingly as healthy subjects. It is questioned whether, in this perception, the affective-emotional component or the cognitive component of the positive health has more relevance. This study focused on the measures of quality of life self-perception related to health, satisfaction with life and happiness as variables of cognitive and affective-emotional nature. It was sought to perceive the influence of gender, age, socio-economic and family instruction level on the index of positive health of the Portuguese adolescents. Data from the Portuguese sample of the study on Health Behavior in School-Aged Children 2006 were used. The sample is made up by 4877 adolescents, with an average age of 14 years old, 49.6% male and 50.4% female. After analyzing the descriptive statistics, it was proceeded the comparison of averages between the groups and the linear regression to design the predictor factors of each variable. In all the scopes of the study, it was observed a particular distinctness in the perception of the index of positive health by the Portuguese adolescent.
Keywords : Positive health; Adolescence; Cognitive dimension; Affective dimension.