Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
Print version ISSN 0102-7972
MOCAIBER, Izabela et al. Alcohol, emotion and attention: revisiting the Alcohol Myopia Theory. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.2, pp. 403-410. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722011000200022.
Among the known effects of alcohol on behavior, the modulation of cognitive functions (such as attention and memory), emotion, risk-taking and aggressive behavior are noteworthy. Here, we performed literature review in order to reinterpret alcohol effects on behavior according to the Alcohol Myopia Theory. According to this construct, there is a reduction of attentional resources during alcohol intoxication, which are primarily allocated to the most salient events in a given situation. The consequence is a hyperfocus directed to emotional situations when they are sufficiently relevant to grab attention, or a reduced attentional focus to emotional events in the presence of a relevant demanding task. The understanding of the mechanism mentioned above support the discussion of propositions toward the prevention of problems related to alcohol consumption. Importantly, the attentional allocation model provides inputs for a discussion on the scientifically-supported public health propositions aimed at preventing problems related to acute alcohol intoxication.
Keywords : Alcohol; Attention; Emotion; Alcohol Myopia; Context.