Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
Print version ISSN 0102-7972
CAMPOS, Alexandre Ferreira; MALLOY-DINIZ, Leandro Fernandes; NASCIMENTO, Jane de Almeida and AMORIM, Regina Helena Caldas de. Neurological and neuropsychological aspects of children born preterm and with weight lower than 1,500 grams. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.4, pp. 630-639. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722011000400002.
Preterm children - especially those with birth weight <1,500g - often present neonatal complications and higher risk of suffering from developmental disorders. Twenty children aged seven, with average intelligence and normal neurological exams, born with gestational age <33 weeks and weight <1,500g, were enrolled in a study and compared with 20 children born at full term. Intelligence was measured by WISC-III and behavior by the Conners Questionnaire. Lefèvre Evolutive Neurological Examination was applied in the preterm children. Children born preterm had lower IQ than those born at full term. In the Conners, there was no difference between groups. Only 20% of preterm children performed all tests from the Evolutive Exam for their age. This study highlights the importance of specific cognitive evaluations in preterm children during school age, even if they have normal neurological exams.
Keywords : Preterm; Low Birth Weight; Neurologic Examination; Intelligence; Behavior.