Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
PACICO, Juliana Cerentini; ZANON, Cristian; BASTIANELLO, Micheline Roat and HUTZ, Claudio Simon. Adaptation and validation of The Hope Index for Brazilian adolescents. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.4, pp.666-670. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722011000400006.
This study aimed at adapting and validating the Staats Hope Index for Brazilian adolescents. Participants were 450 high school students aged from 14 to 18 years old being 56% females. They responded to the Staats Hope Index, Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. A factor analysis extracted two factors, replicating the structure of the original scale. Coefficients alphas were .83 and .81, for each factor, respectively. The correlations of the Hope Index factors with dispositional hope, optimism and self-esteem were similar to the findings reported in the literature and indicated convergent validity. The results indicate that the Hope Index is valid to be used in Brazil and that hope is perceived similarly by Brazilians and Americans despite of some cultural differences.
Keywords : Hope; Optimism; Positive Psychology.