Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
Print version ISSN 0102-7972
CASTRO, Fabiano S. and LANDEIRA-FERNANDEZ, J.. Soul, body and the ancient greek civilization: the first observations of brain functioning and mental activities. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.4, pp. 798-809. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722011000400021.
Many of the existing concepts in modern neuroscience have their origins in the speculations made by ancient Greek philosophers and physicians. Core questions about the source of human thought, the mechanism of cognitive activity as well as the nature of emotions, perceptions and voluntary movements, for example, were raised by Greek thinkers. It is from this civilization that arise more systematic observations on the structure and functioning of body, mind and relationship between these two entities. The present paper intends to adhere to the first Greek attempts to link structures of the body (such as the brain or the heart) and mental activities regarding various Greek speculations about the nature, philosophy, psychology and medicine.
Keywords : Mind-Body Relationship; Mind-Brain Relationship; Ancient Greece; History of Neuroscience.