Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
Print version ISSN 0102-7972
TINAJERO, Carolina et al. Cognitive style and learning strategies as factors which affect academic achievement of brazilian university students. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2012, vol.25, n.1, pp. 105-113. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722012000100013.
In the present study, the influence of the cognitive style called field dependence-independence on academic achievement of Brazilian university students was explored as well as the mediating effect of learning strategies on that influence. Learning strategies of 313 first-year university students (189 women and 124 men; M age = 20.86, SD = 3.86) from different fields, with upper, medium and lower scores on field dependence-independence were assessed on a self-report questionnaire and their overall academic marks in the first year were registered. Results of a regression analysis showed that cognitive style and learning strategies significantly contributed to academic achievement. A path analysis revealed that planning strategies mediated the influence of cognitive style on achievement.
Keywords : Field dependence-independence; cognitive style; learning strategies; self-regulated learning; academic achievement.