SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.25 issue3Psychosocial variables associated with orthognathic surgery: a systematic literature reviewMemories and prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder in intensive care units author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

Print version ISSN 0102-7972

Abstract

MAIA, Joana et al. Singularities of gender in the representations of attachment during pre-school time. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2012, vol.25, n.3, pp.491-498. ISSN 0102-7972.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722012000300008.

Attempting to identify individual differences in the way children tend to enact a variety of attachmentrelated scenarios, the Attachment Story Completion Task (Bretherton, Ridgeway, & Cassidy, 1990) has been used in various cultures, both with normative and clinical samples, being considered a key narrative methodology in the field. Yet, a controversial question regarding its use is the fact that some studies unexpectedly report gender differences. Attachment Theory does not consider gender a relevant variable in the organization (quality) of attachment relationships. Gender is also not relevant when mental representations regarding such relationships are considered. Two hundred fifty two pre-schoolers (M=62; DP=15.1) participated in this study. Children's narratives were coded according to a continuous security scale, and no correlation was found with Verbal I.Q. Gender differences were found [F(1.253)=11.8, p<.01] with girls, on average, having higher scores than boys in all stories. Different reasons for children's play behavior were discussed, considering also that this kind of methodology can be a stressful situation to the child (Oppenheim, 1997). Special emphasis was given to Taylor et al. (2000) bio-evolutionist theory that explores the use of different strategies to cope with stress used by both genders.

Keywords : Attachment representations; gender differences; narratives.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf epdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License