Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
Print version ISSN 0102-7972
SBICIGO, Juliana Burges and DELL'AGLIO, Débora Dalbosco. Family environment and psychological adaptation in adolescents. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2012, vol.25, n.3, pp.615-622. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722012000300022.
The association between quality of family relationships and psychological adjustment has been understudied in the literature. This study tested the predictive relationship between family environment (measured by the dimensions of cohesion, hierarchy, support and conflict) and indicators of psychological adjustment (self-esteem, general self-efficacy and low levels of self-depreciation) in adolescents using structural equation modeling. Participants were 656 students aged between 12 and 18 years old from public schools. They answered the Family Climate Inventory, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and General Perceived Self-efficacy Scale. The results indicated that the family environment (cohesion, support and low conflict) was a significant predictor of psychological adaptation. This study concluded that functional family relationships are important for the expression of positive psychological characteristics during adolescence.
Keywords : Family relations; self-esteem; self-efficacy; adolescent.