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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

Print version ISSN 0102-7972

Abstract

IRIGARAY, Tatiana Quarti et al. Child maltreatment and later cognitive functioning: a systematic review . Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2013, vol.26, n.2, pp.376-387. ISSN 0102-7972.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722013000200018.

This systematic review sought to assess the impact of child maltreatment on cognitive functioning. Seventeen papers from Medline, PsycINFO, Embase and Amed (1995-2011) databases were analyzed based on inclusion/exclusion criteria. The studies have shown that maltreatment during childhood has deleterious effects on cognitive functioning. Overall, adults or children/teenagers exposed to abuse during childhood performed poorly on tasks meant to assess verbal episodic memory, working memory, attention, and executive functions. We conclude that child maltreatment is a risk factor for short and long-term development due to potential adverse effects on cognitive functioning.

Keywords : Maltreatment; cognitive function; child; memory; executive functions.

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