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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

Print version ISSN 0102-7972


GOUVEIA-PEREIRA, Maria; ABREU, Sonia  and  MARTINS, Cláudia. How do families of adolescents with suicidal ideation behave?. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2014, vol.27, n.1, pp.171-178. ISSN 0102-7972.

The purpose of this study is to analyze how family systems influence adolescents' suicidal ideation. The participants were 534 adolescents (51.1% female and 48.9% male), with ages ranging from 14 to 18 years (M=16.18; SD=1.14). The instruments used were the following: Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale, Psychological Separation Inventory and Questionnaire of Suicidal Ideation. Results have shown that adolescents with higher suicidal ideation belong to the so-called unbalanced families (with low cohesion and flexibility) and have a conflictual dependence to their parents. On the other hand, adolescents that belong to balanced families revealed lower suicidal ideation. In conclusion, the family's cohesion and flexibility are protective factors against adolescents' suicidal ideation.

Keywords : Adolescence; life cycle; cohesion and family adaptability; suicidal ideation.

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