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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

Print version ISSN 0102-7972

Abstract

SILVA, Jandilson Avelino da; GALDINO, Melyssa Kellyane Cavalcanti; SIMAS, Maria Lúcia de Bustamante  and  SANTOS, Natanael Antonio dos. Consequences of moderate intake of ethanol in the perception of musical notes. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.1, pp.147-156. ISSN 0102-7972.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-7153.201528116.

The aim of this study was to evaluate if there is relationship between moderate intake of ethanol and the perception of the musical notes D, F, and A in young adults. These notes have fundamental frequencies of 293.665 Hz, 349.228 Hz, and 440 Hz, respectively, equal temperament and were chosen because they are in the central location in the standard western musical scale. The study included 40 volunteers from 18 to 29 years old, non-musicians, healthy, non-users of drugs or other toxic substances, except moderate and acute intake of ethanol. By the "Psysounds" software, created specifically for this study, the volunteers had to choose between two musical notes one of the test notes initially presented. The data were treated with X2 test of adherence to compare the frequency of correct answers regarding the musical notes in the conditions of intake and non-intake of alcohol. The analysis showed significant differences in the frequencies of correct answers for all the notes used, suggesting that ethanol ingestion impairs the discrimination of musical notes D, F and A.

Keywords : Pitch perception; musical notes; alcoholic beverages.

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