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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

Print version ISSN 0102-7972On-line version ISSN 1678-7153

Abstract

CASTRO, Elisa Kern de; PEUKER, Ana Carolina; LAWRENZ, Priscila  and  FIGUEIRAS, Maria João. Illness Perception, Knowledge and Self-Care about Cervical Cancer. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.3, pp.483-489. ISSN 0102-7972.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-7153.20.

Prevention plays a central role in early detection of cervical cancer. Common Sense Model proposes that the nature and organization of illness representations can guide actions related to health and how self-care is exercised. The aim of this study was to describe and compare illness perception, knowledge and self-care in women with and without cancer precursor lesions. Participants were 92 women (aged 18-59) from primary care unity divided into two groups: women with and without premalignant lesion. Measures for illness perception, knowledge and self-care were used. There was no statistically significant difference (t test e chi-square test) between groups in the variables analyzed. Despite the risk for cervical cancer, women with precursor lesions do not adjust their illness perceptions, knowledge and self-care to the situation. These data show the need to warn women against the cervical cancer risks, because their distorted perceptions and lack of knowledge about the disease may hamper the screening and control of cervical cancer.

Keywords : Common sense model; self-regulation; cervical cancer; human papillomavirus.

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