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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

Print version ISSN 0102-7972On-line version ISSN 1678-7153


HAZIN, Izabel et al. Intellectual Outcome After Cancer Treatment: A Study with Children. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.3, pp.565-573. ISSN 0102-7972.

Concerns about the neurotoxicity of antineoplastic treatment and neurodevelopment are increasing nowadays. The aim of this study was to compare the impact of treatment modality on intellectual functioning of 22 survivors of Posterior Fossa Tumors and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia aged from six to 14 years. The astrocytoma group underwent surgery; the medulloblastoma group underwent surgery, systemic chemotherapy, and cranial and neuraxis radiation (54Gy); the LLA group underwent systemic and intrathecal chemotherapy. Only the astrocytoma group obtained average performance. Significant contrasts were obtained between groups, especially among the medulloblastoma group and others in non-verbal scores. Results suggest that the combination of surgery, radiotherapy and systemic chemotherapy increase the cognitive sequelae and enhance the hypothesis that radiation damages white matter. The association between intrathecal and systemic chemotherapy leads to significant impact on executive functioning.

Keywords : Intelligence; precursor cell lymphoblastic leukemia-lymphoma; medulloblastoma; astrocytoma; radiotherapy.

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