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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

Print version ISSN 0102-7972On-line version ISSN 1678-7153

Abstract

SOUSA, Lorena de Medeiros; PARACAMPO, Carla Cristina Paiva  and  ALBUQUERQUE, Luiz Carlos. Effects of Experimental Stories and Social Justifications on Rule Following Behavior. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.3, pp.583-592. ISSN 0102-7972.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-7153.201528317.

The effect of justifications on rule-following behavior after a history of reinforcement for not following rules was evaluated. Ten children were submitted to a matching to sample procedure such as the task was to touch one of two comparison stimuli in the presence of a contextual stimulus. In Conditions 1 and 2, the Phases 1, 2, and 4 begun with the presentation of an instruction that was discrepant to the contingencies; following the rule lead to the loss of tokens. In Phase 3 it was presented an instruction corresponding to the contingencies, with a justification for following the instruction that lead to the loss of tokens. The difference of Conditions 1 and 2 was only regarding to the justification presented in Phase 3. The justification presented in Condition 1 was "to help poor children" and in Condition 2 a justification regarding experimenter's approval. The behavior of 9 out of 10 participants was under control of the experimental history of reinforcement for not following instructions and of the immediate consequences produced by the behavior of not following instructions; the behavior of one participant was under control of the justification for following the corresponding instruction.

Keywords : Rule-governed behavior; experimental histories; social justifications; reinforcement loss.

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