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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

Print version ISSN 0102-7972On-line version ISSN 1678-7153

Abstract

HUZIWARA, Edson Massayuki; SILVA, Marcelo José Machado; PEREZ, William Ferreira  and  TOMANARI, Gerson Yukio. Analyzing the Stimulus Control Acquisition in Simple Discrimination Tasks through Eye Movement. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.3, pp.603-612. ISSN 0102-7972.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-7153.201528319.

In order to investigate whether simultaneous or successive presentation of stimuli is related to the duration of eye fixation (i.e., the time spent gazing a specific stimulus), this study described the eye movements of young adults in simultaneous and successive simple discrimination tasks. Using 12 landscape scenes as visual stimuli, three participants were exposed to a simple discrimination training with simultaneously presented stimuli (Si Procedure) and then to a second simple discrimination training with successively presented stimuli (Su Procedure). Another three participants were exposed to the Procedure in the opposite order. In both cases, the learning criterion was that at least 90% of the responses should be correct in one block. Eye movements were recorded during the whole experiment. Participants achieved the learning criteria in both procedures. Beyond that, eye fixation time in the Su Procedure was higher than in the Si Procedure, regardless of the training sequence. Taken together with previous results in different experiments, our findings suggest that the duration of eye fixation plays a central role in the establishment of different stimulus control topographies.

Keywords : Eye movements; eye fixation time; simultaneous discrimination; successive discrimination; young adults.

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