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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

Print version ISSN 0102-7972On-line version ISSN 1678-7153

Abstract

PINTO, Alexandra; GATINHO, Ana; FERNANDES, Carla  and  VERISSIMO, Manuela. Age and Sex Effect on the Self-Concept of Preschool Children. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.3, pp.632-638. ISSN 0102-7972.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-7153.201528322.

There are few investigations on the self-concept of preschool children. The aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of the normative development of self-concept in preschool children, particularly by analyzing the effects of gender and age. In a longitudinal study, our sample consisted of 83 Portuguese children, and data were collected at four and five years old. Self-concept was measured by the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children - PSPCSA. Children presented very high results in all areas of self-concept at both ages. Data seem to indicate that self-concept starts to decline towards the end of the preschool period, at least in some areas. Results suggest a differentiated process of self-development, according to the different domains assessed. Finally, there seem to be differences in self-concept related to the children's gender, favoring boys. Our results contribute to a better understanding of the developmental process of self-concept.

Keywords : Self-concept; preschool; gender.

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