Print version ISSN 0102-8529
STUENKEL, Oliver. Identity, status and international institutions: the case of Brazil, India and the non-proliferation treaty. Contexto int. [online]. 2010, vol.32, n.2, pp. 519-561. ISSN 0102-8529. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-85292010000200008.
In order to understand how we can explain rising powers' behavior towards international institutions, this article analyzes the case of Brazil, India and the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in more depth and shows that neither realists nor liberal institutionalists can fully explain both countries' behavior. In the article it is argued that status and identity, both largely overlooked by realism and liberalism, play a key role. Both Brazil and India share a fundamental conviction that they are 'great powers' (or on their way to becoming one), and their decision to integrate into a particular institution depends on this institutions' ability to confer status on the emerging powers that is compatible with the rising powers' identity. As the example of the NPT shows, status and identity override other, more commonly accepted determinants for states' behavior such as security concerns.
Keywords : Identity; Brazil; India; Non-Proliferation Treaty.