Acta Cirurgica Brasileira
On-line version ISSN 1678-2674
JORGE, Gracinda De Lourdes et al. A new method for the experimental induction of secundary biliary cirrhosis in wistar rats. Acta Cir. Bras. [online]. 2001, vol.16, n.2, pp. 75-81. ISSN 1678-2674. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-86502001000200003.
The aim of this study was to describe a method for the induction of experimental secondary biliary fibrosis (SBF). Forty-seven Wistar rats were submitted to hepatic duct obstruction (OB group) for thirty days without ligature, section or cannulization causing interruption of biliary flow. This technique was carried out by simple traction of the bile duct passing it through the xiphoid appendix. Nine rats were submitted to a sham operation for bile duct stricture and seven rats comprised the control group. Blood samples were collected for the measurement of total bilirubin (TB), alkaline phosphatase (AP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Liver fragments were removed for morphological study. Thirty days after surgery TB, AP, ALT and AST levels were significantly increased in the hepatic duct ligation group compared to the sham operated group and the presence of SBF in the OB group was confirmed by morphological study of the liver. There was technical failure in 31.92% cases. The survival was 100% at fifteen days and 82.97% at the end of the experiment. We concluded that this simple surgical technique may be used to study the consequence of bile duct obstruction which could be a reversible process depending on the obstruction time. This technique can be carried out from cholestasis to fibrosis.
Keywords : Secondary biliary cirrhosis; Bile duct obstruction; Cholestasis.