Acta Cirurgica Brasileira
On-line version ISSN 1678-2674
VON DIEMEN, Vinicius; TRINDADE, Eduardo Neubarth and TRINDADE, Manoel Roberto Maciel. Experimental model to induce obesity in rats. Acta Cir. Bras. [online]. 2006, vol.21, n.6, pp. 425-429. ISSN 1678-2674. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-86502006000600013.
The etiology of obesity is multifactorial and is becoming a problem of public health, due to its increased prevalence and the consequent repercussion of its comorbidities on the health of the population. The great similarity and homology between the genomes of rodents and humans make these animal models a major tool to study conditions affecting humans, which can be simulated in rats. Obesity can be induced in animals by neuroendocrine, dietary or genetic changes. The most widely used models to induce obesity in rats are a lesion of the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMH) by administering monosodium glutamate or a direct electrical lesion, ovariectomy, feeding on hypercaloric diets and genetic manipulation for obesity.
Keywords : Obesity; Models, Animal; Metabolism; Rats.