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Acta Cirurgica Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0102-8650On-line version ISSN 1678-2674

Abstract

CERQUEIRA, Arlei et al. Bone tissue microscopic findings related to the use of diode laser (830hm) in ovine mandible submitted to distraction osteogenesis. Acta Cir. Bras. [online]. 2007, vol.22, n.2, pp.92-97. ISSN 0102-8650.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-86502007000200003.

PURPOSE: To analyze the microscopic characteristics of the effect of Gallium-Aluminum Arsenid diode laser (GaAlAs - 830hm) applied during the activation and consolidation period to ovine mandibles submitted to distraction osteogenesis. METHODS: Eighteen sheep underwent surgery in order to have bone distractors implanted in the left side of the jaw area. They were divided into three groups: 1 - Control; 2 - Laser irradiation during the activation period; 3 - Laser irradiation during the fixation period. The irradiation was carried out in five sessions, on every other day, with 4,0J/cm2 doses applied to four pre-established areas, totaling 16J per session. After four days of latency under post-operative care, ten days of distractor activation (at 1mm/day) and twenty-one days of fixation the animals were sacrificed and the devices removed for microscopic analysis. RESULTS: The groups that received laser irradiation (GaAlAs) presented a greater amount of mineralized bone trabeculae when compared to the Control Group. Despite that, cartilaginous tissues were also found in Group 2. CONCLUSION: The laser has been more favorable when used in the consolidation period, after bone elongation.

Keywords : Lasers; Bone lengthening; Wound healing; Sheep.

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