Acta Cirurgica Brasileira
On-line version ISSN 1678-2674
PELUZIO, Maria do Carmo Gouveia et al. Grape extract and α-Tocopherol effect in cardiovascular disease model of Apo E -/- Mice. Acta Cir. Bras. [online]. 2011, vol.26, n.4, pp. 253-260. ISSN 1678-2674. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-86502011000400002.
PURPOSE: To verify the effect of consumption of grape extract isolated or combined with α-tocopherol supplementation on atherosclerosis model with Apo E -/- mice. METHODS: After six weeks of atherogenic diet, Apo E -/- mice were divided into the following groups: Control, Grape, Tocopherol and Grape plus Tocopherol. The treatment progressed for 11 weeks when animals were submitted to euthanasia. RESULTS: All the treatments presented hypocholesterolemic effect with reduction of serum and liver cholesterol levels. This effect was parallel to an increase in the fecal excretion of cholesterol. There was also a higher fecal excretion of saturated fatty acids in groups receiving grape extract or α-tocopherol. All the groups treated presented a tendency to show higher levels of vitamin E. The fatty acid profile showed a tendency for monounsaturated fatty acid preservation after grape extract and α-tocopherol consumption. Morphological analysis revealed a lower degree of evolution of the atherosclerotic plaque of the animals that were fed α-tocopherol combined with grape extract, even when no difference was found in the size of the largest lesion. CONCLUSION: A synergistic effect between the polyphenols and α-tocopherol was observed, resulting in diminished evolution of atherosclerosis and a greater beneficial effect on atherosclerosis than the isolated consumption of antioxidants.
Keywords : Cholesterol, LDL; Vitis; alpha-Tocopherol; Diet, Atherogenic; Mice.