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Revista Paulista de Pediatria

Print version ISSN 0103-0582On-line version ISSN 1984-0462


CAMARGO, Paula Angeleli B. de; PINHEIRO, Amanda Tavares; HERCOS, Ana Carolina R.  and  FERRARI, Gisela Fleischer. Oxygen inhalation therapy in children admitted to an university hospital. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2008, vol.26, n.1, pp.43-47. ISSN 0103-0582.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate inalatory oxygen therapy in children admitted to a university hospital. METHODS: Prospective study of children assisted at the Emergency Room of the University Hospital of Botucatu Medical School and submitted to oxygen therapy during hospitalization, from May to September 2005. Criteria for oxygen therapy were oxygen saturation less than 90% and high respiratory rate for age. Children in chronic use of oxygen or in need of mechanical ventilation were excluded. The following data were analysed: clinical respiratory symptoms, clinical diagnosis, oxygen saturation, methods, duration and who made the prescription of oxygen therapy. RESULTS: Out of 8,709 children admitted to the emergency room, 2,769 (32%) had respiratory tract diseases and 97 needed hospitalization. From these, 62 (64%) were submitted to oxygen therapy (37 males; 2 months to 14 years old). Pneumonia was the cause of hypoxemia in 52 children (84%), asthma in five, bronchiolitis in four and tracheomalacia in one. Oxygen therapy was prescribed by physicians, with daily observation and monitoring of oxygen saturation by pulse oxymetry. The median time of oxigen use was 6 days and nasal catheters were used in 94% of children, Facial masks or hoods were rarely prescribed. CONCLUSIONS: Inalatory oxygen therapy was more frequently used in younger patients and in children with pneumonia. Its prescriptions followed international criteria. Nasal catheter seemed to be safe, simple, effective and an inexpensive method of oxygen delivery.

Keywords : oxygen; oxygen inhalation therapy; child; hospital units.

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