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Revista Paulista de Pediatria

Print version ISSN 0103-0582On-line version ISSN 1984-0462


SOUZA, Fabíola Isabel S. et al. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in obese children. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2008, vol.26, n.2, pp.136-141. ISSN 1984-0462.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of altered hepatic ultrasound and elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in overweight and obese children, as well as to relate them to lipid peroxidation, lipid profile and insulin resistance. METHODS: A prospective, controlled, cross-sectional study was performed with 67 overweight and obese children (38 female, mean age of 8,6 years) paired by gender and age with 65 eutrophic controls. The following parameters were evaluated: lipid profile (LDL-c, HDL-c, triglycerides), ALT, lipid peroxidation measured by thiobarbituric acid reaction substance (TBARS), serum glucose and insulin resistance (Homeostasis Model Assessment). Hepatic steatosis was evaluated by ultrasound by a single professional and classified as diffuse mild, moderate or severe. RESULTS: Elevated ALT (>40 U/L) was observed in 3% and altered ultrasound in 57.4% of the overweight/obese children. Obese/overweight children showed a higher percentage of ALT >18 U/L (OR 4.2, p=0.0006) and hypertriglyceridemia (OR 4.2, p<0.001). ALT was associated with elevated triglycerides (OR 3,2; p=0,010). There was not association between TBARS (oxidative stress) or HOMA-IR with the presence of overweight/obesity or ALT >18 U/L. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of altered ALT (>40U/L) was low and of altered hepatic ultrasound was high. There was no association between fatty liver at ultrasound with nutritional status or ALT levels. Elevated triglycerides were associated with higher levels of ALT.

Keywords : fatty liver; oxidative stress; child; obesity; insulin resistance.

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