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Revista Paulista de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0103-0582
KAUFMANN, Cristina Corrêa et al. Feeding during the first three months of life for infants of a cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp. 157-165. ISSN 0103-0582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-05822012000200002.
OBJECTIVE: To study the feeding pattern in the first three months of babies born in the Pelotas city, in Sothern Brazil. METHODS: Prospective cohort study, with babies born between september 2002 and may 2003. Among 2,741 babies whose mothers were interviewed at the maternity ward, a random sample of 30% was followed up on the first and third months of age. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses were applied. Variables with a p<0.05 were considered as associated. RESULTS: 951 babies were followed up on the first month, 60% were under exclusive maternal breastfeeding, and 10% were already weaned. Smoking during pregnancy, father's educational level lower than four years and the use of a pacifier were associated to weaning. On the third month, 29% had been weaned, 39% received maternal milk exclusively, and 59% were bottle fed. Smoking during pregnancy, father schooling and the use of a pacifier were associated with weaning. There was an increase in the pacifier use - from 56 to 66% between the first and the third month of life. CONCLUSIONS: When compared to previous studies, an improvement on the rates of breastfeeding was shown, though still lower than World Health Organization recommendations, which highlights the need for stimulation of exclusive breastfeeding during prenatal care and during the first months after birth.
Keywords : bottle feeding; breast feeding; weaning.