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Revista Paulista de Pediatria

Print version ISSN 0103-0582


CASTILHO, Silvia Diez; CASAGRANDE, Renan Capitani; RACHED, Carolina Roman  and  NUCCI, Luciana Bertoldi. Prevalence of pacifier among breastfed and not breastfed infants attending a university hospital. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp.166-172. ISSN 0103-0582.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of pacifier use in relation to breastfeeding, to find out the reasons why mothers planned or not to introduce this habit and the arguments for changing their minds about the pacifier used. METHODS: Cross sectional study comprising 642 mother-infant pairs (0-12months) at a University Hospital, in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. The mother was questioned about her original intention regarding the pacifier, the current outcome and the explanation for changing or not her mind. After a descriptive analysis, the logistic regression was applied to verify the association between the pacifier and breastfeeding. RESULTS: The prevalence of pacifier use was 48% (95%CI 44-52), being greater among non-breastfeed infants (70%) compared those breastfed (36%; p=0.029). Among the infants exclusively breastfed, 29% used pacifier (p<0.001). The chance to be breastfed was smaller when the infant used a pacifier (OR=0.22; 95%CI 0.15-0.33). Among the mothers, 60% changed their minds regarding their previous intention about pacifier use. The main reasons for changing plans were: infant rejection (95% - for those who wanted to use the pacifier), and to soothe the baby (72% - for those who initially did not want to use the pacifier). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of pacifier use is high. This habit is more frequent among non-breastfed infants; among the breastfed ones, it is less frequent for those exclusively-breastfed. The majority of mothers changed their minds regarding their initial plans about pacifier use. Few worried about the possibility that the pacifier could interfere on breastfeeding.

Keywords : pacifiers; breast feeding; weaning.

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