Revista Paulista de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0103-0582
PRESTI, Paula de Figueiredo et al. Epidemiological study of cancer in adolescents at a referral center. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp. 210-216. ISSN 0103-0582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-05822012000200009.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of adolescents with cancer referred to an oncologic center, between 2000 and 2006. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out in order to evaluate the epidemiological data of patients aged between ten and 19 years at diagnosis and admitted at the Institute of Oncology (IOP/Graacc) of Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil, between 2000 and 2006. RESULTS: Among 2,362 patients admitted during this period with a diagnosis of cancer, 629 (26.6%) were adolescents. Mean age was 13.7 years, being 56.8% male. Regarding race, 60.7% of the patients were white, 30% mulattoes, 6.5% blacks, and 2.5% of patients had no characterization of race in the medical records. The most frequent types of tumors were: central nervous system tumors (22.1%), osteosarcoma (14.6%), lymphoma (14.5%), and leukemia (14.5%). The overall survival at five years was 73.7%. Adolescents with the diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma presented disseminated disease and histology of worse prognosis, which contributed for increasing the mortality rate of this group of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with cancer are a group of patients with distinct characteristics when compared to other cancer groups. Our results show differences in the prevalence of tumors during adolescence and childhood, in the later leukemias and central nervous system tumors predominate. It is crucial to facilitate the access of adolescents to oncologic centers in order to provide early diagnosis and proper treatment.
Keywords : adolescent; neoplasm; epidemiology.