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Revista Paulista de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0103-0582
LOPEZ, Claudia Peyres and SILVA, Roberta Gonçalves da. Alternative feeding methods for premature newborn infants. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp. 278-282. ISSN 0103-0582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-05822012000200019.
OBJECTIVE: To present a literature review about the use of glass/cup as an alternative method of feeding premature newborns and to identify if there is a consensus on its indication for this population. DATA SOURCE: A narrative review of the literature. Articles were selected from Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, and Cochrane databases, regardless of year, using the following specific key-words: feeding, premature newborn, breastfeeding, feeding methods. DATA SYNTHESIS: Although some studies showed that feeding premature and term newborns using the glass/cup is safe and efficient, most of them did not apply an objective evaluation of the swallowing to identify the effect of the method in this population. CONCLUSIONS: There is no consensus in the literature about feeding premature newborn infants by glass/cup. Controlled studies should be conducted in order to evaluate risks and benefits of alternative feeding methods in preterm newborn infants.
Keywords : bottle feeding; infant, premature; breast feeding; feeding methods.