Revista Paulista de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0103-0582
GUIMARAES, Alexandre Caixeta; CARVALHO, Guilherme Machado de and GUSMAO, Reinaldo Jordão. Tonsillar lymphoma in children with unilateral tonsillar enlargement. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp. 288-291. ISSN 0103-0582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-05822012000200021.
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the importance of a medical examination with emphasis on changes of the palatine tonsils (PT) and proper anamnesis to early identify patients with tonsillar lymphoma. CASE DESCRIPTION: Case 1 - 5-year-old girl with a muffled voice noted by her mother and a report of "feeling a strange sensation in the throat" for two weeks. She was previously treated in another service at the beginning of the symptoms with amoxicillin without improvement. An important increase in the right PT was noted, with smooth surface and absence of crypts. The diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) was confirmed after surgery. On further investigation, positive mesenteric lymph nodes were noted. Case 2 - 11-year-old girl came to the emergency service to investigate a painless nodule in the left palatine tonsil with progressive growth for one year, without other complaints. She had previously undergone other medical consultations, but no importance was given to the patient's complaint. Oroscopy showed that the left PT was increased crossing the midline and with a nodule in the upper pole. Patient also had NHL. COMMENTS: A detailed examination of the oral cavity and neck is essential to identify suspicious tonsillar lymphoma. Patients with unilateral tonsillar enlargement and other findings suggestive of malignancy should undergo tonsillectomy.
Keywords : palatine tonsil; child; lymphoma.