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Revista Paulista de Pediatria

Print version ISSN 0103-0582

Abstract

AZAMBUJA, Ana Paula de O. et al. Prevalence of overweight/obesity and economical status of schoolchildren. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2013, vol.31, n.2, pp.166-171. ISSN 0103-0582.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-05822013000200006.

OBJECTIVE: To associate the nutritional status of elementary schoolchildren with their gender, age group, and economic status based on a cross-sectional study carried out at public schools in the municipality of Cruzeiro do Oeste, Southern Brazil. METHODS: The study was performed in 2010 including 939 schoolchildren aged six to ten years-old. The economical status of the families was classified based on a socioeconomic ranking questionnaire (Brazilian Association of Survey Companies), and the body mass index was calculated. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and differences between independent groups were verified by Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests, while possible associations were verified by the chi-square test, being significant p<0.05. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity in the sample was 8.0%, and overweight, 16.4%. No association was found between the socioeconomic and nutritional status or between the nutritional status and gender. CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of overweight and obesity was found in this study, indicating that children of both genders are affected regardless of their economical status and age.

Keywords : overweight; obesity; children.

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