Revista de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo
versão impressa ISSN 0103-0663
SPADARO, Augusto César Cropanese et al. A method for the clinical evaluation of salivary buffer capacity . Rev Odontol Univ São Paulo [online]. 1998, vol.12, n.3, pp. 247-251. ISSN 0103-0663. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-06631998000300009.
The present study aimed to develop and standardize a colorimetric method for assessing salivary buffer capacity adapted to the features of the Brazilian population. Samples of stimulated saliva were titrated without CO2 elimination. The assessment was carried out to study the influence of the loss of CO2 from the samples during the few minutes necessary for titration, and to standardize the instants for measuring pH. Saliva samples were titrated from 206 individuals from both genders, between 5 and 50 years of age, and in a proportion of 0.77 : 1 : 0.44, respectively of children, youngsters, and adults. Case frequency distribution; determination of average values of initial pH, pKa, µ equivalents related to titration end point and final pH; and estimate of the percentage of saliva titrated at a pH of 5.0 were calculated based on the data collected. The results were used to classify individuals according to their salivary buffer capacity by colorimetric pH determinations using 11,12, and 13 µ equivalents of H+/ml saliva, and were compared to case frequency distribution obtained from saliva titration data. The results indicate that 11 µ equivalents H+/ml of saliva is the most appropriate for clinically evaluating the salivary buffer capacity of our population.
Palavras-chave : Hydrogen-ion concentration; Saliva.