Revista de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo
Print version ISSN 0103-0663
TEIXEIRA, Antonio Castelo Branco; MARCUCCI, Gilberto and LUZ, João Gualberto Cerqueira. Prevalence of malocclusion and of anamnestic and clinical indexes in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction. Rev Odontol Univ São Paulo [online]. 1999, vol.13, n.3, pp.251-256. ISSN 0103-0663. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-06631999000300008.
The authors analyzed the frequency of malocclusion, Helkimo (1974) anamnestic and clinical dysfunction indexes in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction and their possible correlation. One hundred and ten patients with these conditions were evaluated independent of age and gender. Signs and symptoms were evaluated, indicating levels of Helkimo indexes, Angle classification, over-jet, over-bite, cross-bite and missing teeth. The authors concluded that there was a high incidence of Angle class II and overjet larger than two milimeters. Among the Helkimo indexes there was a slight predominance of Anamnesthic Index AiII (symptoms of severe dysfunction) and Clinical Index level DiI (mild dysfunction). A statistically significant relationship was found between the Clinical Index and the Angle classification as between Anamnestic Index and overbite.
Keywords : Temporomandibular joint; Craniomandibular disorders; Facial pain; Malocclusion.