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Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas)
On-line version ISSN 1982-0275
MARTURANO, Edna Maria; TOLLER, Gisele Paschoal and ELIAS, Luciana Carla dos Santos. Gender, adversity, and socioemotional problems related to school distress. Estud. psicol. (Campinas) [online]. 2005, vol.22, n.4, pp. 371-380. ISSN 1982-0275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-166X2005000400005.
The studies about children with school distress have pointed out boys and behavior problems high frequency, which can be associated to a weak prognostic, if they had been made up in an adverse environment. This study purpose was the investigation of gender adversity occurrence and gender association to behavior problems. Forty-six boys and 29 girls aged from 7 to 12 have participated in this investigation. All of them had been referred to a Psychology training clinic as they had presented school distress or bad performance. Behavioral problems were investigated by Achenbach's Inventário de Comportamentos da Infância e Adolescência, and a life event scale was used to assess life adversities. According to the statistical analysis, girls present more internalizing problems, , higher adversity exposure, and more frequent gender-related correlation patterns between environmental and behavioral problems. Results can contribute to design support practices for these children, whose needs go beyond the school environment.
Keywords : environmental adversity; psychological assistance; child; students; gender; sociemotional problems.