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Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas)
Print version ISSN 0103-166X
PEREIRA, Rodrigo Fernando; DAIBS, Yasmin Spaolonzi; BRAGA, Paula Ferreira and SILVARES, Edwiges Ferreira de Mattos. Face-to-face and long-distance protocols in treatment of enuresis by alarm. Estud. psicol. (Campinas) [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.2, pp. 183-191. ISSN 0103-166X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-166X2012000200004.
Nocturnal enuresis is defined as natural urination during sleep occurring at least once a month among children aged five years or older. There is a relative consensus in literature regarding possible causes: nocturnal polyuria, difficulties in waking up and a hyperactive bladder. The objective of this work was two compare two treatment protocols which used an alarm to treat enuresis: face-to-face and long distance. Sixty one enuretic children aged between 6 and 17 and their parents or caregivers participated in the study. They all attended two initial face-to-face sessions in which they received information on the treatment based on the full-spectrum programme. Participants were randomly allocated to the face-to-face (n=27) and long-distance (n=34) protocols. The long-distance protocol recorded outcome rates comparable to those cited in literature and thus offered a feasible alternative to the face-to-face protocol.
Keywords : Adolescent; Child; Enuresis; Treatment.