Sba: Controle & Automação Sociedade Brasileira de Automatica
Print version ISSN 0103-1759
CARDOSO, Rafael; CAMARGO, Robinson Figueiredo de; PINHEIRO, Humberto and GRUNDLING, Hilton Abílio. Estruturas de sincronismo monofásica e trifásica baseadas no filtro de Kalman. Sba Controle & Automação [online]. 2006, vol.17, n.4, pp. 493-513. ISSN 0103-1759. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-17592006000400010.
This paper proposes single-phase and three-phase synchronization methods based on the optimum filtering theory. The Kalman filter is used for the generation of the synchronization signals. The proposed methods incorporate, explicitly, in the problem formulation the presence of harmonics, voltage unbalance, measurement noise, transients and frequency deviation. These perturbations degrade the performance of many synchronization structures presented in literature. The formulation presented here makes the synchronization signals be less sensitive to these perturbations. It is also shown that the proposed methods can be helpfull to provide information about amplitude, instantaneous phase and frequency of the grid voltages, that can be usefull for purposes of power quality analysis. Furthermore, the Kalman filter provides a way to obtain a good compromise between transient response and measurement noise rejection for the synchronization signals. Experimental results using a DSP TMS320F2812 are presented to show the performance of the proposed schemes.
Keywords : Kalman Filter; PLL; Tracking; Utility Angle; Utility Synchronization.