Sba: Controle & Automação Sociedade Brasileira de Automatica
Print version ISSN 0103-1759
MEDEIROS JUNIOR, Manoel Firmino de and OLIVEIRA, Arrhenius Vinicius da Costa. Derivation and tests of relief functions to estimate the influence of switching measures in the elimination of overloads by using backward injection. Sba Controle & Automação [online]. 2012, vol.23, n.4, pp. 489-507. ISSN 0103-1759. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-17592012000400009.
Eventually, violations of voltage limits at buses or admissible loadings of transmission lines and/or power transformers may occur by the power system operation. If violations are detected in the supervision process, corrective measures may be carried out in order to eliminate them or to reduce their intensity. Loading restriction is an extreme solution and should only be adopted as the last control action. Previous researches have shown that it is possible to control constraints in electrical systems by changing the network topology, using the technique named Corrective Switching, which requires no additional costs. In previous works, the proposed calculations for verifying the ability of a switching variant in eliminating an overload in a specific branch were based on network reduction or heuristic analysis. The purpose of this work is to develop analytical derivation of linear equations to estimate current changes in overloaded branches (due to switching measures) by means of few calculations. For bus-bar coupling, derivations will be based on Short-circuit theory and Relief Function methodology. For bus-bar splitting, a Relief Function will be derived based on a technique of equivalent circuit. Although systems of linear equations are used to substantiate deductions, its formal solution for each variant in real time does not become necessary. A priority list of promising variants is then assigned for final check by an exact load flow calculation. At last, results obtained by simulation in a real network will be presented.
Keywords : Backward Injection; Bus-bar Coupling; Busbar Splitting; Corrective Switching; Relief Functions.