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Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural

versão impressa ISSN 0103-2003

Resumo

FASIABEN, Maria do Carmo Ramos; ROMEIRO, Ademar Ribeiro; PERES, Fernando Curi  e  MAIA, Alexandre Gori. Impacto econômico da reserva legal sobre diferentes tipos de unidades de produção agropecuária . Rev. Econ. Sociol. Rural [online]. 2011, vol.49, n.4, pp.1051-1096. ISSN 0103-2003.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-20032011000400010.

This paper aims to analyze the economic impact of the legal reserve on the gross margin of different types of farms located in the watershed of the Oriçanga River - in São Paulo state, Brazil. In order to reach such purpose, a typology of farmers was elaborated for the watershed. Two farmer types were selected for a detailed study: small farmers with low technology and citrus producers. The productive structure of both types was modeled through the recursive programming method, comprising the period between 2002/03 and 2008/09. The current farm system adopted by each type was confronted with two scenarios for legal reserve compensation: I) through the reallocation of productive areas within the farms and sustainable management of natural vegetation recovery in order to explore the production of timber; II) through the spontaneous growth of natural vegetation. Results highlight the importance of policies aimed to obtain a more equitable distribution of environmental conservation costs in the society, as well as the importance of locational adjustments of the legal reserves, in order to reach a better equilibrium between the preservation of biodiversity and the opportunity cost of land.

Palavras-chave : Legal forested reserve; Forest Code; Forest restoration; Economic evaluation; Farmer's typology.

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