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Acta Paulista de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0103-2100
CARDOSO, Lucilene and GALERA, Sueli Aparecida Frari. Who are the patients who have been discharged from psychiatric hospital care recently?. Acta paul. enferm. [online]. 2009, vol.22, n.6, pp.733-740. ISSN 0103-2100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-21002009000600002.
Objective: To describe the characteristics of persons with mental illnesses who have been discharged from psychiatric hospital care recently. Methods: Descriptive study conducted with a sample of 48 patients between December 17 2007 and April 17 2008. Data were collected through the economic and social questionnaire that gathers socio-demographic information including psychiatric hospitalizations and patient's knowledge of diagnosis and psychopharmacological treatment. Results: The mean age of the participants was 39 years. The majority were women (n = 39), had at least one previous hospitalization (62.5%), and did not know the diagnosis of their mental illness. Schizophrenia and/or Schizotypic Disorders were the most common types of mental illnesses (33.3%). Less than half of participants (43.8%) were able to verbalize the name and dosage of their medications correctly. Conclusion: Knowing those patients characteristics may be helpful in planning and implementing the best mental health treatment that includes professional support and effective psycho educational intervention.
Keywords : Psychiatric nursing; Rehabilitation nursing; Mentally ill persons; Hospitals, psychiatric; Mental health.