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Acta Paulista de Enfermagem

Print version ISSN 0103-2100


ARTILHEIRO, Ana Paula Scupeliti; ALMEIDA, Fabiane de Amorim  and  CHACON, Julieta Maria Ferreira. Use of therapeutic play in preparing preschool children for outpatient chemotherapy . Acta paul. enferm. [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.5, pp.611-616. ISSN 0103-2100.

OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of therapeutic play (BT) in preparing preschool children for the experience of chemotherapy on an outpatient basis and to identify their manifested reactions during the session of BT, in relation to the procedures performed in outpatient chemotherapy session. METHODS: A descriptive exploratory, quantitative approach, conducted with 30 preschool children, receiving outpatient chemotherapy treatment. Data were collected through observation of children and interviews with the individuals accompanying them. RESULTS: After the preparation with BT, children demonstrated more positive behaviors, cooperating with the procedures, and working with professionals (93.3%), with relaxed posture (93.3%), establishing a bond of trust with the professional (76.6%) and smiling while playing (70%). CONCLUSION: The use of BT presents great value for facilitating more effective interaction between the adult and child, fostering understanding of pre-school, making his stay at the clinic more pleasant and relaxed.

Keywords : Play and playthings; Child; Neoplasms; drug therapy; Pediatric nursing; Oncologic nursing.

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