Acta Paulista de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0103-2100
PRIMO, Cândida Caniçali; AMORIM, Maria Helena Costa and LEITE, Franciele Marabotti Costa. A nursing intervention relaxation, and its effects on the immune system of postpartum women. Acta paul. enferm. [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.6, pp. 751-755. ISSN 0103-2100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-21002011000600003.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of relaxation techniques in the levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA) in saliva of postpartum women, in relationship to the variables: age, education level, marital status, type of delivery and parity. METHODS: This experimental, randomized trial was conducted in a maternity ward of Espirito Santo (Brazil). The sample consisted of 60 postpartum women. The experimental group consisted of 30 postpartum women who received the relaxation technique proposed by Benson. The levels were collected using a specific form and level of salivary IgA by immunoturbidimetry in two stages: up to 24 hours postpartum, and 7 days later. RESULTS: We observed a significant increase of IgA levels in the experimental group (p = 0.01) after the practice of relaxation, and a lack of relationship between the control variables and IgA. CONCLUSIONS: Relaxation can help increase immunological resistance in postpartum women.
Keywords : Relaxation therapy; Immunoglobulin A, secretory; Psychoneuroimmunology; Postpartum period; Puerperal disorders.