Acta Paulista de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0103-2100
RODRIGUES, Cíntia Capucho; GUILHERME, Caroline; COSTA JUNIOR, Moacyr Lobo da and CARVALHO, Emilia Campos de. Risk factors for vascular trauma during antineoplastic chemotherapy: contributions of the use of relative risk. Acta paul. enferm. [online]. 2012, vol.25, n.3, pp. 448-452. ISSN 0103-2100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-21002012000300020.
OBJECTIVE: To identify the relationship between risk factors for vascular trauma and the emergence of adverse events of infiltration or phlebitis for antineoplastic chemotherapy. METHODS: A study with a quantitative, observational method with 30 women with breast cancer. RESULTS: The type of catheter material presented an association that suggested risk (RR = 2.76, CI = 1.199, 6.369); the infusion rate factor presented RR = 2.22, however, CI = 0.7672, 6.436; the trajectory factors, number of punctures and vein mobility presented RR <1, but these cannot be considered as protective factors. Insertion site and the visibility of the vein presented a risk close to 1. CONCLUSION: The use of a metal catheter for venipuncture was considered in this study as a factor for Risk for Vascular Trauma. An analysis of the association for the RR showed these results were consistent with the research literature data.
Keywords : Blood vessels [injuries]; Antineoplastic agents [therapeutic use]; Oncology nursing; Risk factors.