Acta Paulista de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0103-2100
VERAS, Vivian Saraiva et al. Assessment of metabolic control among patients in a capillary glucose self-monitoring program. Acta paul. enferm. [online]. 2012, vol.25, n.3, pp. 453-458. ISSN 0103-2100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-21002012000300021.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the metabolic control of diabetes mellitus patients registered in a capillary glucose self-monitoring program at home. METHODS: In this longitudinal retrospective study, 97 subjects at four health institutions in a Brazilian city were followed during 37 months between 2005 and 2008. The health files were analyzed of patients selected to register the evolution of variables related to capillary glucose self-monitoring at home and metabolic control of diabetes mellitus. RESULTS: During the assessment, both mean and monthly percentages of capillary blood glucose measurements at home decreased from 34.1 (65.1%) to 33.6 (64.8%), respectively (p <0.001). Mean HbA1c levels dropped from 9.20% to 7.94% (p<0.001). HDL cholesterol decreased from 51 mg/dl to 47 mg/dl (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients' metabolic control improved, characterized by a significant reduction in HbA1C.
Keywords : Diabetes mellitus; Blood glucose self-monitoring; Glucose.