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Acta Paulista de Enfermagem

versão On-line ISSN 1982-0194

Resumo

GOIS, Renata Santos Silva et al. Effectiveness of the organ donation process. Acta paul. enferm. [online]. 2017, vol.30, n.6, pp.621-627. ISSN 1982-0194.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-0194201700089.

Objective:

to verify the effectiveness of the organ donation process in the State of Paraná.

Methods:

Cross-sectional study carried out with data provided by the Department of Transplantation of the State of Paraná referred to the organ donation process, from 2011 to 2016. Of the 3,872 notifications of potential donors with brain death, 2,600 were included in this study since they were eligible organ donors. The outcome of the protocols and variables related to eligible donors, notifying centers and notifications were evaluated. Data were analyzed descriptively by absolute and relative frequencies, and odds ratio was calculated through the Wald Chi-square test, with p<0.05 considered as statistically significant.

Results:

Out of the 2,600 eligible donors, 1,267 (48.7%) became effective organ donors. The main obstacles of the process were cardiopulmonary arrest, sepsis and family refusal. The odds of donation were significantly higher in the individuals younger than 60 years old (p<0.001), male (p=0.001) and in the East and West Macro-regions of the State (p<0.001). The percentage of organ donations increased from 38.8% to 66.5% in the period studied.

Conclusion:

The state of Parana presented a significant increase in the number of notifications and organ donations in the last six years. The weaknesses identified in the process refer to clinical and cultural issues, which indicate the need for interventions to train health professionals in the identification and maintenance of the potential donor, as well as in raising awareness of the importance of the consent to donation.

Palavras-chave : Brain death; Obtaining organs and tissues; Collection of tissues and organs; Transplants; Health management.

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