Revista Brasileira de Fisiologia Vegetal
versão impressa ISSN 0103-3131
PYSTINA, NATALIA V. e DANILOV, ROMAN A.. Influence of light regimes on respiration, activity of alternative respiratory pathway and carbohydrates content in mature leaves of Ajuga reptans L.. Rev. Bras. Fisiol. Veg. [online]. 2001, vol.13, n.3, pp. 285-292. ISSN 0103-3131. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-31312001000300004.
Influence of different light regimes (plants grown in shade and in the sun) on respiration, activity of alternative respiratory pathway and carbohydrates content in mature leaves of Ajuga reptans L. was investigated. All experiments were carried out under natural conditions. Sun plants had higher respiration, activity of the alternative pathway and carbohydrates content compared to the shade plants. Additional experiments were performed in order to study effects of darkening as well as evolution of respiration and carbohydrates concentrations in leaves of A. reptans during the day. Darkening led to a decline in total respiration in all types of plants investigated. Activity of the alternative pathway remained unchanged by 20 % in the leaves of the shade plants. On the other hand, darkness led to a twofold decrease in the activity of the alternative pathway in the leaves of the sun plants. Content of soluble carbohydrates in the darkness did not change in the leaves of the shade plants while significantly decreased in the leaves of the sun plants. Total respiration in the mature leaves of the shade plants studied did not change significantly during the day. However, a significant increase in the total respiration was detected in the mature leaves of the sun plants in the evening and in the night. Activity of the alternative respiratory pathway did not change significantly in the leaves of the shade plants during the day and corresponds to ca 20 % of the total respiration. The sun plants examined exhibited significantly higher activity of the alternative pathway during the period of active photosynthesis. In general, activity of the alternative pathway varied in the sun plants between 30 and 35 % of the total respiration during the day. Content of soluble carbohydrates decreased significantly during the day in the mature leaves of the shade plants, while no statistically significant changes by the sun plants could be detected. It has been suggested that increase in respiration and activity of the alternative pathway in the sun plants tested can be controlled by the content of carbohydrates in leaves. No clear proposal could be done concerning mechanisms regulating alternative pathway activity in the shade plants of A. reptans.
Palavras-chave : alternative respiratory pathway; respiration; alternative oxidase; leaves; light; carbohydrates.