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vol.19 issue54Processos de ocupação nas novas fronteiras da Amazônia: o interflúvio do Xingu/ IririAmazônia socioambiental: sustentabilidade ecológica e diversidade social author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Estudos Avançados

Print version ISSN 0103-4014On-line version ISSN 1806-9592

Abstract

FERREIRA, Antonia M. M.  and  SALATI, Enéas. Forças de transformação do ecossistema amazônico. Estud. av. [online]. 2005, vol.19, n.54, pp.25-44. ISSN 0103-4014.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-40142005000200003.

DURING THE first 470 years of the colonization of the Brazilian Amazon, only 1% of the area was deforested. In the last 35 years (1970-2005), however, deforestation has already claimed 17% of the region, whose population increased from two million to over 20 million people. Today, the colonization of the Brazilian Amazon finds itself in a stage of unparalleled expansion, even if fiscal incentives now play a secondary role. In other words, government-driven development has been replaced by private initiatives whose economic activities have become profitable. The main forces of transformation derive from the demands both of the country's domestic markets (especially those in the south and central regions) and of the international marketplace. The main activities responsible for this transformation are logging, cattle raising, grain production, mining, hydroelectric energy production, and oil and energy prospecting. These were invigorated by the implementation of a highway system that now crisscrosses the region from north to south and east to west, replacing or supplementing the navigable rivers used before for transportation.

Keywords : Transformation driving forces; colonization; population; deforesration.

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