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Estudos Avançados

Print version ISSN 0103-4014On-line version ISSN 1806-9592


HAUPT, Heinz-Gerhard. Religion and nation in Europe in the 19th century: some comparative notes. Estud. av. [online]. 2008, vol.22, n.62, pp.77-94. ISSN 0103-4014.

This Essay aims to analyze the relation between nation and religion from the second half of the 19th century to the first decade of the 20th century, during the process of Nation building that could be observed in several European nations. We propose a comparative analysis of the following cases: France, Italy, the Czech part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and Germany. Considering the recent researches on the affirmation of nationalism in that period, we respond to the simplistic statement that the success of nationalism depended on the ruin of religion after the end of the 18th century.

Keywords : Religion; Nationalism; Comparative history; Nation Building.

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