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Estudos Avançados

versão impressa ISSN 0103-4014versão On-line ISSN 1806-9592

Resumo

BRESSER-PEREIRA, Luiz Carlos. Nationalism at the centre and periphery of Capitalism. Estud. av. [online]. 2008, vol.22, n.62, pp.171-193. ISSN 0103-4014.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-40142008000100012.

In this work I show that nationalism, together with liberalism, socialism, efficientism and the environmentalism, is one of the ideologies of the modern societies. In the first section, I define nation as the form of society politically organized that is born with the Capitalist Revolution and leads to the formation of the nation-state, and nationalism as the corresponding ideology: its objective is the autonomy and the national economic development. In the second section, I distinguish the nationalism of the central countries from that one of the peripheral countries; while in the first the nationalism is implicit, in the peripherals is explicit or then turn to the cosmopolitism. In the third section I argument that the imperialism, even being inevitable between strong and week countries, will change its characteristics when this relation of forces is modified as a consequence of the nationalism of the dominated ones. Still in this section, I make one brief reference to Brazil. Finally, I come back to the ideologies of the capitalism to show that, differently from the others, the nationalism is a particularist ideology, which increases the resistance to it and facilitates the task of domination of the central countries. Yet, the nationalism does not disappear because it is an organizer principle of the capitalist society.

Palavras-chave : Ideology; Nation; Nationalism; Globalization.

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